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    Biodiversity & Conservation

    Biodiversity and Protected Areas

    COUNTRY PROFILE - Bangladesh

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Bangladesh

    Asia (excl. Middle East)

    World

    Total Land Area (000 ha)

    14400

    2494475

    13328979

     

     

     

     

     

    Protected Areas

    Extent of Protected Areas by IUCN Category (000 ha), 2003:

    Nature Reserves, Wilderness Areas, and

     

    National Parks (categories I and II)

    X

    89140

    438448

    Natural Monuments, Species Management

     

     

     

    Seascapes (categories III, IV, and V)

    66

    57211

    326503

    Areas Managed for Sustainable Use and

     

    Unclassified Areas (category VI & "other")

    0

    57878

    692723

    Total Area Protected (all categories)

    66

    204229

    1457674

    Marine and Littoral Protected Areas {a}

    46

    21995

    417970

     

     

     

     

     

    Protected Areas as a Percent of Total Land

     

    Area, 2003 {b}

    0.5 %

    8.3 %

    10.8 %

    Number of Protected Areas, 2003

    11

    5761

    98400

    Number of Areas >1 00,000 ha, 2003

    X

    295

    2091

    Number of Areas > 1 million ha, 2003

    X

    X

    243

     

     

     

     

     

    Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), 2002:

     

    Number of Sites

    2

    98

    1179

     

    Total Area (000 ha)

    606

    5641

    102283

     

     

     

     

     

    Biosphere Reserves, 2002:

     

    Number of Sites

    X

    55

    408

     

    Total Area (000 ha)

    X

    X

    439000

     

     

     

     

     

    Number and Status of Species

    Higher Plants

     

    Total known species (number), 1992-2002

    5000

    X

    X

     

    Number of threatened species, 2002

    12

    X

    5714

    Mammals

     

    Total known species (number), 1992-2002

    125

    X

    X

     

    Number of threatened species, 2002

    23

    X

    1137

    Breeding Birds

     

    Total known species (number), 1992-2002

    166

    X

    X

     

    Number of threatened species, 2002

    23

    X

    1192

    Reptiles

     

    Total known species (number), 1992-2003

    112

    X

    X

     

    Number of threatened species, 2002

    20

    X

    293

    Amphibians

     

    Total known species (number), 1992-2003

    23

    X

    X

     

    Number of threatened species, 2002

    X

    X

    157

    Fish

     

    Total known species (number), 1992-2003

    81

    X

    X

     

    Number of threatened species, 1992-2002

    X

    X

    742

     

     

     

     

     

    Legal Trade in Selected Wildlife and CITES {c} Status

    Year CITES Ratified

    X

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Net International Legal Trade Reported by CITES, 2000 (number) {d}

     

    Live Lizards

    X

    40679

     

     

    Live Snakes

    X

    -42773

     

     

    Live Primates

    X

    -19366

     

     

    Live Parrots

    89

    -136381

     

     

    Lizard Skins

    X

    -435164

     

     

    Snake Skins

    X

    -1074698

     

     

    Crocodile Skins

    X

    147615

     

     

    Wild Cat Skins

    X

    -44221

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Footnotes:

    a.

    Marine and littoral protected areas are not included in the "Total Area Protected" above.

    b.

    Includes IUCN categories I-V. Marine and littoral protected areas are excluded from these totals.

    c.

    CITES is an acronym for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.

    d.

    • Postive numbers represent net imports; negative numbers represent net exports. Regional figures are the sum of country-level trade statistics, therefore,